I’m so pleased! Micheal Rawlins, is a Canadian detectorist. But you already know that, because he was the winner of the competition I held in December last year. What you perhaps don’t know is that he is a prolific, passionate and successful collector of all things ‘military’, just like Dean Owen, the subject of a recent blogpost.
Micheal has allowed me to share some of his ‘sweetheart badges’ with you, all found in British Columbia. Actually, the term ‘sweetheart’ is commonly used, but misleading. During the First World War, wives, sisters and girl friends commonly wore pin brooches that depicted miniature badges of units in which male loved ones were serving. They were usually commercially manufactured, bought and presented by the servicemen as they left home. Micheal says, ‘These few pins are the sweetheart pins that I have found and like my military badges, they hold a place of high honour and esteem in my displays.’
54th Battalion. The Kootenays
The Kootenays were an infantry battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the Great War. The 54th Battalion was authorised on 7 November 1914 and embarked for Britain on 22 November 1915 and disembarked in France on 14 August 1916. It fought as part of the 11th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war. The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.
The Kootenay comprises the southwestern portion of British Columbia and takes its name from the Kootenay River.
43rd Battalion. The Camerons
The 43rd Battalion (Cameron Highlanders of Canada), CEF, was an infantry battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the Great War. The 43rd Battalion was authorised on 7 November 1914 and embarked for Britain on 1 June 1915. It disembarked in France on 22 February 1916, where it fought as part of the 9th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war. The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920. The Battalion was recruited and mobilised at Winnipeg, Manitoba. Lieutenant Robert Shankland was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions at Passchendaele on 26 October 1917.
The Canadian Artillery and the Garrison Artillery were the designations of the Non-Permanent Active Militia as of January 1914. The Canadian Artillery and the Garrison Artillery were collectively redesignated the Royal Canadian Artillery on 3 June 1935.
The 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles
The 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, (known colloquially as the 2nd Battalion, CMR or simply 2 CMR) was authorised on 7 November 1914 as the 2nd Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF, and embarked for Great Britain on 12 June 1915. It disembarked in France on 22 September 1915 as part of the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifles Brigade. On 1 January 1916 it was converted to infantry, amalgamated with ‘B Squadron’ and the headquarters staff of the 3rd Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF and redesignated the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, CEF. It fought as part of the 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war. The battalion was disbanded on 6 November 1920.
The 11th Canadian Mounted Rifles
Formed in Vancouver on March 15, 1915, this regiment was broken up to provide reinforcements to other units. Yes, and it is gold as you thought. Micheal said, ‘This was a welcome and totally unexpected find!’
Canadian Military Engineers
The Canadian Military Engineers (CME) is the military engineer branch of the Canadian Armed Forces. The mission of the Canadian Military Engineers is to contribute to the survival, mobility, and combat effectiveness of the Canadian Armed Forces. Their roles are to conduct combat operations, support the Canadian Forces in war and peace, support national development, provide assistance to civil authorities, and support international aid programs.
Military engineers’ responsibilities encompass the use of demolitions and land mines, the design, construction and maintenance of defensive works and fortifications, urban operations (hostile room entry), breaching obstacles, establishing/maintaining lines of communication, and bridging. They also provide water, power and other utilities, provide fire, aircraft crash and rescue services, hazardous material operations, and develop maps and other engineering intelligence.
In addition, military engineers are experts in deception and concealment, as well as in the design and development of equipment necessary to carry out these operations. The official role of the combat engineer is to allow friendly troops to live, move and fight on the battlefield and deny that to the enemy.
Durham Light Infantry
Micheal has just sent me another badge, but an English one this time and from the Durham Light Infantry. This is close to my heart because I was born in Durham. The DLI headquarters was opposite the college I attended. Alas, there was a DLI Museum in Durham City, but it closed down last year!
Thank you Micheal and the CMD forum for allowing me to show these top quality finds.